Janssen gets European Commission nod for AKEEGA to treat metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer with BRCA1/2 mutations

Beerse: The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &
Johnson has announced that the European Commission (EC) has granted marketing
authorisation for AKEEGA (niraparib and abiraterone acetate [AA]), in the form of a dual
action tablet (DAT), given with prednisone or prednisolone, for the treatment of adults
with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and BRCA1/2 mutations
(germline and/or somatic) in whom chemotherapy is not clinically indicated. 

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in Europe, and the sixth-highest cause
of cancer-related death worldwide. Despite treatment advances, mCRPC remains an
incurable, deadly disease. BRCA1/2 gene mutations have been identified in approximately 10-15 percent of mCRPC patients and are more likely to cause
aggressive disease, poor outcomes, and a shorter survival time.

“Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer remains a lethal disease, with high
unmet needs in terms of treatment options, particularly for patients with BRCA1/2 gene
mutations,” said Professor Gerhardt Attard, Oncologist, University College London (UCL),
London, UK*. “We’ve seen that in these patients, niraparib combined with abiraterone
acetate and predniso(lo)ne (AAP) significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or
death compared to AAP. The dual action tablet of niraparib with abiraterone acetate is a
promising first line targeted treatment option for men with mCRPC and BRCA1/2

The EC authorisation, which also marks the first worldwide approval for AKEEGA, is
based on results of the randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled, Phase 3
MAGNITUDE study (NCT03748641). The trial assessed whether the addition of
niraparib to AAP improved outcomes in those with untreated mCRPC, with or without
alterations in homologous recombination repair (HRR) associated genes (which are
involved in the repair of damaged DNA), including BRCA1/2. A total of 423 patients
with HRR gene alterations were enrolled, 225 (53.2 percent) of whom had BRCA
mutations, making it the largest cohort of BRCA1/2-positive patients with first line
mCRPC in any clinical study to date.

“The MAGNITUDE trial was prospectively designed as a precision medicine study to
identify the specific population of patients who would most benefit from niraparib with
abiraterone acetate plus predniso(lo)ne, and potentially increase the likelihood of
treatment success,” said Martin Vogel, EMEA Therapeutic Area Lead Oncology, JanssenCilag GmbH. “The results, on which this European Commission approval is based,
reinforce the benefit of this niraparib-based combination in effectively addressing BRCA
mutations and changing the outlook for patients with mCRPC.”

The primary endpoint for MAGNITUDE was radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS),
as analysed by blinded central review. Niraparib plus AAP significantly improved rPFS
in all HRR-positive patients (Hazard Ratio [HR] 0.73; 95 percent Confidence Interval
[CI], 0.56 to 0.96; p=0.022). This improvement was most pronounced in patients with
BRCA1/2 gene mutations, where a statistically significant 47 percent risk reduction was
observed for rPFS. With additional median follow-up at 24.8 months in the BRCA
subgroup, rPFS by central review demonstrated a consistent and clinically meaningful
treatment effect favouring niraparib plus AAP, with a median rPFS of 19.5 months
compared with 10.9 months for placebo plus AAP. Additionally, there was a trend
towards improved overall survival (OS) with niraparib plus AAP, strong improvement in time to symptomatic progression (TSP) and clinically meaningful improvement in timeto-initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy (TCC). The observed safety profile of the combination of niraparib and AAP was consistent with
the known safety profile of each agent. Of the patients with HRR gene alterations, 67
percent experienced Grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) in the combination arm versus 46.4
percent in the control arm. The combination of niraparib and AAP
also maintained overall quality of life in comparison with placebo and AAP.

“This European milestone, which also marks the first worldwide approval for AKEEGA,
highlights the value of precision medicine and the importance of genetic testing in
patients with mCRPC to ensure the right patients receive the right treatment,” said Peter
Lebowitz, M.D., Ph.D., Global Therapeutic Area Head, Oncology, Janssen Research &
Development, LLC. “It also demonstrates our ongoing commitment at Janssen to
developing innovative therapeutic approaches to help improve outcomes for patients
living with prostate cancer.”

Niraparib is a highly selective poly adenosine diphosphate-ribose polymerase (PARP)
inhibitor. Together with AA plus prednisone, the combination DAT regimen targets two
oncogenic drivers in patients with mCRPC, namely alterations in the androgen receptor
axis and in BRCA1/2. This is the first DAT formulation available in the European
Union for patients with mCRPC with BRCA mutations. Europe is the first region to approve AKEEGA (niraparib and abiraterone acetate DAT),
for the treatment of patients with BRCA-positive mCRPC, globally. In February 2023,
Janssen submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) seeking approval of this niraparib-based combination for the
treatment of patients with BRCA-positive mCRPC.

Read also: Janssen seeks USFDA nod for Niraparib and Abiraterone Acetate Dual-Action Tablet, plus Prednisone to treat patients with Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer with BRCA Gene Mutations

What do you think?

Written by

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

GIPHY App Key not set. Please check settings

Google Requests US Court to Dismiss Lawsuits Over Its App Store Policies

Earth Day 2023: Rise of Plant Parenthood, A Dating Trend That Brings Plant Lovers Together