Back pain is the most frequently reported complaint among adults under the age of 45. Back pain brings their activities to a halt and obstructs their career advancement. According to researchers, it is extremely difficult for physicians to determine the true cause of back pain.
Here is a brief overview of the human back’s anatomy. Our body’s structural stability and mobility are dependent on the spinal column. The spinal column enables us to twist, bend, and flex. The spinal column consists of 24 vertebrae: seven in the neck (cervical vertebrae), twelve in the thorax (thoracic vertebrae), and five in the lower back (lumbar vertebrae) (the lumbar vertebrae). The sacrum, which is located directly beneath the lumbar vertebrae, is made up of five fused vertebrae. The tailbone, or coccyx, is located just beneath the sacrum, with its three to five fused vertebrae. From the skull to the pelvis, these vertebrae are stacked one on top of the other. Between vertebrae, there are spongy discs. Muscles and ligaments encircle the spinal column.
The spinal cord is contained within the vertebral canal, which is formed by vertebral alignment.
As follows, Acharya Susruta describes the anatomy of the spinal column.
Prushte trimshat – There are thirty back bones (cervical seven, thoracic twelve, lumbar five, vertebrae fused in sacrum five, coccyx one). The joints of the spinal column have been described as ” Chaturvimshatihi prishta vamshe “. This equates to 24 joints in the spinal column.
Maamsaanyatra nibaddhani siraabhihi snaayubhistatha. | Maamsaanyatra nibaddhani siraabhihi snaayubhistatha.
Asthinyaalambanam kritwaa || Asthinyaalambanam kritwaa
Ligaments and tendons connect the bones and muscles.
Back ache causes
Vata is primarily responsible for the bones and thighs. Vata is in charge of controlling and directing the body’s movements. Back pain occurs when vata in this region becomes aggravated as a result of imprudent physical activities (mithya yoga of karma), excessive physical activities (Ati yoga of karma), or insufficient physical activities (hina yoga of karma).
1. Back pain is frequently caused by spasms in the muscles that support our spine. When we lift objects improperly, bend over too sharply, or sit in an unsuitable chair, the muscles that support the spine spasm.
In Ayurveda, these types of movements are referred to as “Mithyaa yoga of karma or action.”
2. Back pain can occur as a result of sneezing, climbing into a car, or bending down to pick up the newspaper.
3. Back pain can also be caused by osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, viral infection, bladder or kidney infection, gynecological problems in women, tumors, or trauma.
4. When we sit or stand for extended periods of time, we may experience a lack of motion, or hina yoga of karma, and poor posture. On the other hand, repetitive motions such as excessive bending, lifting, or twisting also have an effect on our back.
5. Other possible causes of back pain include the following:
• Using high-heeled shoes
• Sustaining a heavy load
The vitiated vata causes joint stiffness, pain, and restricts back movement.
Back pain remedies
1. Remain composed.
2. In the majority of cases, complete bed rest for 24 – 48 hours alleviates back pain. Every few hours, walk a little to keep the blood flowing and the muscles toned.
3. Applying a vata-balancing oil such as ksheerabala oil to the affected region and performing a Naadi sweda (mild steam bath on the affected area) on the affected region quickly alleviates the pain.
Consult a physician immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:
1. If you are over the age of 50 and experience sudden onset of severe pain or pain that is localized to the spine.
2. Pain as a result of a recent fall or trauma.
3. Hip and leg pain.
4. Back pain that is unrelated to posture.
5. Issues with bowel or bladder control.
6. Nausea or tingling in the groin or rectal area.
7. Extreme leg weakness.
8. Uncertainty while walking
9. Fever or weight loss in conjunction with the pain.
10. Pain that does not subside with time or rest
Back pain prevention
1. Maintain muscle conditioning by enhancing sitting, standing, and stretching postures. Muscles that are well-conditioned are less prone to injury.
2. Never stoop or bend at the waist to pick up an object. Rather than that, lower the body to the object’s level by bending the knees. Grasp the item and bring it close to your body, then raise yourself with your legs while maintaining a straight back.
3. Avoid lifting extremely heavy objects.
4. Prop yourself up whenever possible.
5. Lean against a wall or pillar while waiting for a bus or in a bank line.
6. Distribute footstools throughout the house. Alternatively, while performing standing chores, prop one leg up on a stool.
7. Sleep on a firm mattress and find a position that is comfortable for you.
8. Wear flat-heeled shoes.
9. Maintaining a straight posture is beneficial to your back.
10. Sit in a chair that supports the curve of your lower back.
11. If you’re going to be sitting for an extended period of time, prop your feet up on a low stool so that your knees are above your hips.
12. Avoid sitting or standing in one position for an extended period of time. Get up and walk for a few minutes at regular intervals.
13. Avoid activities that cause back pain.
14. Avoid sitting in the same position for extended periods of time. It could be dangerous to back. Take a break and move around in between.
15. Avoid becoming obese. Obesity increases the risk of developing back pain.
Tips for software professionals to avoid back pain include the following:
1. Choose the proper chair, one with a relatively straight back and adequate lower back support. If the chair lacks lower back support, keep a rolled-up towel or cushion nearby to provide support.
2. Align the chair, keyboard, and monitor properly. The feet should be flat on the floor, knees at hip level; the forearms and upper arms should form a right angle; and the computer terminal should be at eye level.
3. Assume a relaxed, upright working posture and rely on the chair to provide support.
4. Avoid slouching forward or leaning back excessively.
5. Every 30 minutes while at work, stand up, walk around, and stretch forward, backward, and side to side.
6. Increased stress and strain increases the likelihood of developing back pain. As a result, remember to unwind! Yoga and meditation are the most effective relaxation techniques.
7. Consume nutritious foods that are high in fiber. Avoid sweets, oil, soft drinks, and excessive eating to avoid weight gain.
8. Avoid sexual activity during the acute stage of back pain because it exacerbates the condition.
Backache Ayurvedic Home Remedies
• Nirgundi leaves (Samhaalu in Hindi) (Bot- Vitex negundo) (Eng – Five leaved chaste)
• Karanja leaves (Hindi: Ditauri) (Botanical name: Pongamia pinnata) (Eng – Indian beech)
Collect fresh Nirgundi and Karanja leaves. Tie them together in a large ball with a thin cotton cloth. Boil the leaves’ ball in water and apply it to the affected area when it is tolerably hot. Reheat the leaves when they become cold by immersing the leaves’ ball in boiling water. After 30 minutes, remove the leaves from the ball, grind them to a paste, and apply it to the affected area.